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CENTRIFUGATION

A separation process, which uses the action of centrifugal force to promote accelerated settling of particles in a solid-liquid mixture. Centrifugation is a method that separates sediments from a solution based on their shape, size, speed, viscosity and density. These sediments and particles are suspended in the medium water and stored in a centrifuge tube. The tube is then situated in a rotor and is simultaneously rotated at a specific speed. While the earth’s gravity is capable of separating sediments naturally, this process takes a very long time to complete. Centrifugation provides a much quicker alternative. Centrifugation force is generated through the circulation of the rotor at a central axis as the particles are suspended.