The livestock water treatment solutions can be categorized into four major water sources:
Brackish/Tap Water: Reverse Osmosis System/Nanofiltration System
The BW or TW Reverse Osmosis Systems effectively removes contaminants which add uncontrolled variables and can adversely affect animal health. Thus, clean and fresh water should be provided separately throughout their early life. Newborn animals are more sensitive to greater concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS) and other constituents in water compared to older animals. Livestock’s are also highly sensitive to higher concentrations of nitrate, iron, sulfate, manganese and magnesium and microbial contamination. These factors may cause digestive problems like diarrhea. It was therefore concluded that improving water quality by a reverse osmosis system will improve growth performance and security of animals.
Desalination: Seawater Reverse Osmosis System
A Seawater Reverse Osmosis is recommended for the mobilization of poultry and livestock from one country to another by ship. This solution consists of a sea water reverse osmosis system which would utilize the ocean as the water source for instant water usage during travel. A reverse osmosis system would also have economic benefits. The RO system would replace the need of storing water and instead can be utilized to transport more livestock which would reduce the weight of the cargo and save on fuel. Due to the volume of water demand animals require, a desalination reverse osmosis system is the best solution to efficiently maximizing the use of space.
Surface Water: Ultrafiltration System + UV Sterilizer
Ultrafiltration is a pressure-driven membrane separation process that removes suspended or particulate matter (including colloids & silt) from water. Ultrafiltration also efficiently removes bacteria and most viruses. The UF is a great solution for river or surface water if the TDS is low but the water is contaminated. Using a UV Sterilizer in conjunction will help ensure the elimination of bacteria and viruses in the water. This pairing of systems is designed to both purify water of some dissolved solids and also tackle biological contaminants.
A UV Sterilizer can be used when the water is at an adequate quality level but there may be concern for bacterial contaminants. Livestock water is prone to being a breeding ground for bacterial growth. Therefore, a UV sterilizer would ensure that the animals do not fall ill from consuming contaminated water. This system consists of a UV light that targets the DNA of any present bacteria and destroy chances for reproduction. UV Sterilizers are known to be successful in eliminating almost all microorganisms for safe and healthy drinking water.
Providing clean and healthy water for livestock is essential to their well-being and in turn production. Water quality plays an integral role in the development and upkeep of livestock animals. In order to raise healthy animals and prevent diseases or animal loss, the quality of water must be taken into consideration. Water is just as crucial to the survival and health of an animal as it is for us humans. They require similar parameters and are just as dependent on water if not more than humans. Nourishing livestock animals with good quality water also helps them develop properly and to their maximum potential which increases production profits.
- Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis System
- Sea Water Reverse Osmosis System
- UV Sterilizer
- Produces safe water
- Healthier livestock
- Increases marginal profit
- Reduces TDS +TSS
- Saves on overall cost of mobilization
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Explains the process of live stock water treatment very well
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